Stephen's Guide to the Logical Fallacies

Stephen's Guide to the Logical Fallacies ~ Equivocation


Contents

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  • All Fallacies
  • The Fallacies

  • False Dilemma
  • Argument From Ignorance
  • Slippery Slope
  • Complex Question
  • Appeal to Force
  • Appeal to Pity
  • Appeal to Consequences
  • Prejudicial Language
  • Appeal to Popularity
  • Anonymous Authorities
  • Coincidental Correlation
  • Attacking the Person
  • Appeal to Authority
  • Converse Accident
  • Style Over Substance
  • Unrepresentative Sample
  • Hasty Generalization
  • False Analogy
  • Slothful Induction
  • Fallacy of Exclusion
  • Accident
  • Joint Effect
  • Genuine but Insignificant Cause
  • Wrong Direction
  • Complex Cause
  • Begging the Question
  • Irrelevant Conclusion
  • Straw Man
  • Equivocation
  • Amphiboly
  • Accent
  • Composition
  • Division
  • Affirming the Consequent
  • Denying the Antecedent
  • Inconsistency
  • Fallacy of Four Terms
  • Undistributed Middle
  • Illicit Major
  • Illicit Minor
  • Fallacy of Exclusive Premises
  • Drawing an Affirmative Conclusion From a Negative Premise
  • Existential Fallacy
  • Subverted Support
  • Non-Support
  • Untestability
  • Limited Scope
  • Limited Depth
  • Too Broad
  • Too Narrow
  • Equivocation

    Category:

    Definition: The same term is used with two different meanings

    Examples:

    Proof:

    The same term is used with two different meanings. There are two ways in which this can occur. (i) The word or phrase may be ambiguous, in which case it has more than one distinct meaning. (ii) The word or phrase may be vague, in which case it has no distinct meaning.

    Identify the word which is used twice, then show that a definition which is appropriate for one use of the word would not be appropriate for the second use. (Barker: 163, Cedarblom and Paulsen: 142, Copi and Cohen: 113, Davis: 58)


    Created by Stephen Downes, Copyright 2023 CC By-NC-SA